Know the most common road safety rules
You will come across many road traffic rules in India. These rules are in place to reduce traffic accidents and keep drivers and pedestrians safe. If you own a bicycle, you have to obey different traffic laws or face serious consequences. You don’t want to face a stiff penalty if you financed your bike and are paying EMI for it.
1. Drunk driving
Do you often cycle under the influence of alcohol? If you answered yes, you are breaking the law. To avoid paying a fine in addition to the 2 wheeler loan interest rate, remember that drunk driving is strictly prohibited by road safety rules. If you are caught doing this, traffic cops will issue you a hefty fine. The permitted alcohol limit while driving is 30 mg per 100 ml of blood, according to traffic rules.
Fine: If the traffic authorities find out that you are breaking this law for the first time, they will penalize you with Rs 10,000 and may also send you behind bars for six months. If you commit this offense again, you will be fined Rs 15,000 and could be imprisoned for up to two years.
2. Talking on the phone
Smartphones are one of the main causes of bicycle accidents. If you’re talking on the phone while riding your bike, you’re breaking the law. In addition, reckless driving is prohibited by road safety rules. Driving dangerously, such as unnecessary overtaking on the road, not slowing down on the speed brakes, etc., is considered reckless driving and will result in a penalty.
Fine: In the event of a first offense of the above nature, traffic officers can fine you Rs 5,000 and imprison you for up to one year, depending on the severity. If you break this rule again, you will incur a fine of Rs 10,000 or two years in prison.
You must have noticed signs indicating the maximum speed limit while traveling on different roads or highways. When cycling in the city, the maximum speed limit is 40-60 km/h. Whereas; on highways it is slightly higher. If you exceed the speed limit, you will be found guilty of breaking road safety laws and face penalties.
Fine: Cases of speeding are subject to a penalty of Rs 4000.
4. Racing and speeding
It is advisable to take a route to the racetracks if you wish to participate in a race. If you race in town or on highways, you are breaking the Motor Vehicle Act of 2019.
Fine: If you are detained by traffic officers for the first time for breaking this law, they will charge you up to Rs 5,000 in fine and can send you behind bars for a month. In case of recidivism, you will incur a fine of Rs 10,000 and/or one month in prison.
5. Driving without a driver’s license
According to RTO rules, you are not allowed to drive your motorcycle on the road unless you have a valid driver’s license. Even if you have a permit, it will be considered invalid if it is damaged or expired. If you are caught breaking this law, you will suffer the consequences.
Fine: The RTO can fine you up to Rs 5,000 for the above offence.
6. Juvenile riding
According to the Motor Vehicle Act 2019, the concept of juvenile driving applies to minors. The rule states that people under the age of 16 are not allowed to ride a gearless bike on the road. For sprocket bikes, the minimum age limit is 18 years.
Fine: If you are a minor and you are still driving the two-wheeler, your guardian or the owner of the bike will have to pay the penalty of Rs 25,000. They can also incur three years in prison, depending on the seriousness of the offence.
7. Driving without insurance
The Motor Vehicles Act 1988 required all two-wheeler owners to take out insurance for their bikes before taking them on the road. The rule is that if your bike isn’t covered by liability coverage, you’re breaking the law. However, if you own a bicycle on a bike loanwe recommend that you take out all-risk insurance to protect it against possible repair and replacement costs.
Fine: Driving without basic civil liability insurance is punishable by a fine of Rs 2000 and/or a three-month prison sentence. In the case of a second offense or a subsequent offense of the same type, the amount of the penalty could be increased to Rs 4000, with a prison term of up to three months.
8. Riding without a helmet
Helmets are designed to protect you in the event of a car accident. If you drive without, the traffic police can sanction you.
Fine: A fine of Rs 1000 may be imposed for committing this offence. The traffic authority can also temporarily suspend your driving license for three months.
Traffic rules are in place to ensure your safety and that of pedestrians on the road. Be sure to follow the laws listed above to avoid penalties.
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